Headaches

There are many different types of headaches. Although not all headaches are the same, they all share at least one thing in common — they cause pain. But many headaches also cause other unwanted symptoms, including nausea and vomiting.

Tension Headaches

People with tension headaches commonly report these symptoms:

Episodic Tension Headaches (occur less than 15 days per month)

  • Pain is mild to moderate, constant band-like pain or pressure
  • Pain affects the front, top or sides of the head.
  • Pain usually begins gradually, and often occurs in the middle of the day
  • Pain may last from 30 minutes to several days

Chronic Tension Headaches (occur more than 15 days per month)

  • Pain may vary in intensity throughout the day, but the pain is almost always present
  • Pain comes and goes over a prolonged period of time.
  • Headache upon awakening
  • Difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Disturbed concentration
  • Mild sensitivity to light or noise
  • General muscle aching

The symptoms of migraine headaches can occur in various combinations and include:

  • Moderate to severe pain (often described as pounding, throbbing pain) that can affect the whole head, or can shift from one side of the head to the other
  • Sensitivity to light, noise or odors
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea or vomiting, stomach upset, abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sensations of being very warm or cold
  • Paleness
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Fever (rare)
  • Bright flashing dots or lights, blind spots, wavy or jagged lines (aura)
  • Cluster Headaches

  •  Intense one-sided pain described as having a burning or piercing quality that is throbbing or constant
  • Pain is located behind one eye or in the eye region, without changing sides.
  • Pain lasts a short time, generally 30 to 90 minutes (but can last for three hours); the headache will disappear, only to recur later that day (most sufferers get one to three headaches and some up to eight per day during a cluster period).
  • Headaches occur very regularly, generally at the same time each day, and they often awaken the person at the same time during the night.

    Sinus Headaches

  • Deep and constant pain in the cheekbones, forehead or bridge of the nose.

  • The pain usually intensifies with sudden head movement or straining and usually occurs with other sinus symptoms, such as nasal discharge, feeling of fullness in the ears, fever, and facial swelling.
  • Come to our Emergency Room if:

  • You are having the worst headache ever
  • You are having your worst migraine attack ever
  • Your headache is accompanied by the following symptoms:
  •  Unresolved loss of vision
  •  Loss of consciousness
  • Uncontrollable vomiting
  •   The pain of your headache lasts more than 72 hours with less than a solid four-hour pain-free period while awake.
  •   You experience a headache or a migraine attack that presents unusual symptoms that are abnormal for you and frightening

Source:https://www.webmd.com

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is when there is an infection in one or both lungs.
It is caused by many germs including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Pneumonia is also caused by inhaling a liquid or chemical.The people that are most at risk are children under age two and elderly over sixty- five, also those who already have medical problems.
Symptoms of pneumonia include high fever, chills, cough with phlegm that does not get better. Shortness of breath may develop and chest pain may occur.

Treatment:
If it is caused by bacteria antibiotics will help. If it is viral then an antiviral medicine will treat it.

Prevention:

There are vaccines to prevent pneumococcal pneumonia and the flu.
Hand washing and not smoking are also preventative measures.

 

Pneumonia

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/imagepages/19680.htm

 

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